Nov 29, 2015

Lv1 U17 How many people are there in your family? | N-이에요/예요, N-(이)지요 grammar


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17 과: 가족이 몇 명이세요?

가... 가족이 몇 명이세요?
나... 우리 가족은 모두 넷이에요. 아버지와 어미니가 계시고, 형이 하나 있습니다.
가... 형님이 무엇을 하세요?
나... 형은 회사에 다녀요.
가... 철수 씨는 대학생이지요? 어느 대학에 다니세요?
나... 서울대학교에 다녀요.

계시고 = 있다 +시 +고


가족 = family
부모님 = Parents
형 = the older brother of a male
오빠 = the older brother of a female
누나 = the older sister of a male
언니 = the older sister of a female
동생 = younger sibling
남동생 = younger brother
여동생 = younger sister
형제 = sibling
회사 = business
회사원 = businessman
은행 = bank
은행원 = banker
고등학교 = high school
고등학생 = a high school student
-에 다니다 = to attend
어느 = which
사진 = photograph


Unit 17. How many people are there in your family?

A... How many people are there in your family?
B... My family has 4 in total. There are father and mother, and 1 older bother.
A... What does your brother do?
B... He works for a company?
A... You're a college student, aren't you? Which university are you attending?
B... I study in Seoul National University.

Grammars and expressions:

1. N-이에요/예요? : Are you ? /Is he?

저분이 누구세요?
- 제 친구예요.
Who is that person?
- He is my friend.

가족들이 몇 명이에요?
- 모두 여섯이에요.
How many people are there in your family?
- There are total 5 people.

*N이/가 아니에요. : It is not N

여기는 2층이 아니에요, 3층이에요.
This is not the 2nd flood, it is 3rd floor.

*N-(이)세요? : Are you?/Is he (honorific form)

저 분이 어머니세요?
- 네, 우리 어머니세요.
Is that your mother?
- Yes, she is.

2. N이/가 -(명)이다. : There be (people) N.

교실에서 학생들이 모두 12 (열두)명이에요.
In the class, there are total 12 students.

3. N이/가 있다/없다 : to have / not have N

여기는 가족 사진이 있어요.
Here's my family photo.

형이 하나 있어요.
I have one older brother.

4. N-(이)지요?  : aren't you?/ isn't it?

지금 9시지요?
- 네, 9시예요.
It's 9:00 now, isn't it?
- Yes , it is.

5. 우리 N : our/my N

E.g 우리 집 / 우리 가족 / 우리 친구

6. N-님 : N+ honorific ending.
선생 ㅡㅡ 선생님 : teacher
부모 ㅡㅡ 부모님 : parents
아버지 ㅡㅡ 아버님 : father
어머니 ㅡㅡ 어머님 : mother
형 ㅡㅡ 형님 : older brother

7. 분 : person (honorific form of 명)

저분이 박 선생님이지요?
That person is teacher Park, right?

아주머니 세 분이 모두 오섰어요.
All 3 of the women came.

8. N에 다니다 : to attend/ to go to N (frequently)

저는 학교에 다닙니다.
I attend the school.

우리 형이 회사에 다녀요.
My older brother works for company.


1. 분 is honorific form of 명.
E.g In restaurant, waiter asks "멏 분이세요?", and customer answers "네 명이에요."

2. -(이)세요 ending is politer than -(이)에요.

3. -(이)지요 is a "polite informal speech" ending.

4. Korean means 우리가족 as my family. The same as 우리나라 (my country).

5.  -님 adds respect to the title.
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