Dec 5, 2015

Lv1 U26 Today I will pay for the drinks | V-(으)ㄹ게요, A/V-지요?, A-군요, irregular verb ending '르' grammar

Listening:



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26 과: 오늘은 내가 차 값을 낼게요.

가... 오늘은 내가 차 값을 낼게요. 얼마지요?
나... 커피 두 잔 드셨지요? 삼천 육백 원입니다.
가... 여기 만 원 있어요.
나... 거스름돈 받으세요. 육천 사백 원입니다. 감사합니다. 또 오세요.
다... 커피 값이 참 비싸군요!
가... 그래요. 물건 값이 많이 올랐어요.


Vocabulary:

값 = price
내다 = to pay
거스름돈 = money back
잔돈 = loose change
받다 = to receive
또 = again
물건 = stuff
모르다 = to not know, be unaware of
자르다 = to cut
기르다 = to raise
부르다 = to sing/to be full/to call out
오르다 = to rise
내리다 = to go down
싸다 = to be cheap
돈 = money
예쁘다 = to be pretty
근처 = nearby, vicinity
예약을 하다 = to make a reservation
요금 = fee
이야기 = story
팥빙수 = shaved ice
샌드위치 = sandwich


Translate

Unit 26. Today I will pay for the drinks.

A... Today I will pay for the drinks. How much is it?
B... You have had 2 cups of coffee right? That's 3,600 won.
A... Here is 10,000 won.
B... Anh here is your change 6,400 won. Thank you. Please come again.
C... Coffee is really expensive!
A... Right. Price has risen a lot lately.


Grammars and expressions:

1. V-(으)ㄹ게요. : I will V (expressing the speaker's intention or determination)

우리가 그 일을 할게요.
We will do the work.

밤에 일찍 집으로 돌아게요.
I will return home early in the evening.

주말에 역사책을 읽을게요.
I will read the history book in weekend.


2. A/V-지요? : tag question

오늘은 날씨가 춥지요?
- 네, 추워요.
It's cold today, isn't it?
- Yes it is.

*A/V-았지요/었지요? : tag question + past tense.

커피 두 잔을 드셨지요?
- 네, 그래요.
You drank 2 cups of coffee right?
- Yes that's right.

* 얼마지요?  -How much is it?
무엇지요? (shortened form 뭐지?) -What is it?
어디지요?
언제지요?
몇 시지요?
누구지요?

이 책이 얼마지요?
How much is this book?


3. A-군요. : exclamatory ending (for speaking, used to the speaker's surprise at something)

산이 참 아름답군요!
The mountain is very beautiful.

꽃이 참 예쁘군요!
The flower is so beautiful.

그 영화는 아주 재미있군요!
That movie is very interesting.


4. 오르다 : to rise/ to increase.

물건 값이 많이 올랐습니다.
The price of things has risen a lot.

오릅니다 ㅡㅡ 오르고 ㅡㅡ 오르니까 ㅡㅡ 오르지만.

올라요 ㅡㅡ 올랐어요 ㅡㅡ 올라서.

*빠르다 : fast

지하철이 빨라요.
The subway is fast.

5. 내가 /제가 : I + subject marker.

내가 차 값이 내겠어요.
I will pay for the tea.

6. N을/를 내가 : to pay for N

8천 원을 내야 해요.
I have to pay 8000 won.

7. 또 : again.

또 오세요.
Please come again

내일 또 만납시다.
Let's meet again tomorrow.


Notes:

1. -(으)ㄹ게요 is a sentence ending expressing the speaker's intention or determination. It is used with the first person subject.

2. -군요  is a sentence ending that conveys the speaker's surprised reaction to something. It is used in informal speech.

3. When verbs with stems ending with '르" are followed by  어/아, the  'ㅡ' in 'ㄹ' is deleted. At the same time, the remaining 'ㄹ' becomes part of the preceding syllable and  어/아  changers to 러/라, as seen in 오르다 --> 올라요.
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