Feb 18, 2017

L2G11 A/V/N-거든요 grammar = because... ~express reasons that listener has no idea about

L2G11 A/V/N-거든요 grammar = ...(because)... ~express reason

Usage:
  • Used to respond to a question/statement to provide the reason or thinking (which the listener has no idea about reason or facts stated by the speaker.)
  • Only used in casual speaking form between friends or peers. (NOT used in written form or formal speaking)
Tense:

Adjective/ Verb :
  • 과거 : -았/었거든요
  • 현재 : -거든요
  • 미래 : -(으)ㄹ 거거든요
Noun :
  • 과거 : 였거든요
  • 현재 : (이)거든요

Examples:

1. 안나 씨, 오늘도 이 식당에 가려고요?
  • 네, 여기가 정말 맛있거든요. 앤디 씨가 같이 갈래요?
Anna, are you planning to go to this restaurant again today?
  • Yes, (because) the food here is really delicious. Do you want to go too, Andy?

2. 오늘 왜 그렇게 피곤해 보여요?
  • 어제 영화를 보느라고 잠을 못 잤거든요.
Why do you looked so tired today?
  • (Because) I couldn’t sleep well since I watched a movie yesterday.

3. 제주도에 갔을 때 한라산에 올라갔어요?
  • 아니요, 못 갔어요. 날씨가 안 좋았거든요.
Did you go up Mt. Hallasan when you went to Jeju?
  • No, I didn't. Since the weather was bad.

4. 요즘 비가 정말 자주 오네요.
  • 요즘 장마철이거든요. 한 달 동안 계속 올 거예요.
It’s has been raining a lot recently.
  • Since it is currently the rainy season. It will rain for a month.

5. 공항에 무슨 일로 가세요?
  • 오늘 부모님이 한국에 오시거든요.
How come do you go to the airport?
  • Because today my parents come to Korea.

6. 주말에 그 드라마를 보셨어요?
  • 아니요, 못 봤어요. 친구랑 약속이 있었어요.
Did you watch that drama in weekend?
  • No, I couldn't. Because I have an appointment with my friend.

7. 왜 음식을 이렇게 많이 준비해요?
  • 집에 친구들이 많이 오거든요.
Why do you prepare this much food?
  • Because many of my friends will come to my house.

8. 새 노트북을 샀네요?
  • 네, 예전 노트북은 너무 느렸거든요. 그래서 새 노트북 샀어요.
Did you buy a new notebook?
  • Yes, the previous one is very slow. So I bought a new one.

9. 되게 신나 보여요?
  • 예, 내일 하와이으로 여행 가거든요.
You look so excited.
  • Yes, since I will go for traveling in Hawaii tomorrow.

10. 왜 점심을 안 먹었어요?
  • 아침을 너무 많이 먹었거든요.
Why didn't you eat lunch?
  • Because I ate too much in the morning.

Specific usage :

1. When indicating a reason,  거든요 must come either after an initial statement made by the speaker or in response to a question asked by a listener.

E.g 좋아하는 가수 있어요? -- 노래를 잘해서 가수 ‘비’ 좋아해요. (NOT 노래를 잘하거든요. 가수 ‘비’를 좋아해요.)
Is there any singer you like? -- I like ‘Rain’, because he sings well.

2. Provide a hint to the listener that the speaker has more to say.

E.g 죄송한데요. 이 근처에 은행이 어디에 있어요? -- 이 길로 쭉 가시면 편의점이 나오거든요. 편의점 건너편에 은행이 있어요.
Excuse me, do you know if there is a bank nearby? -- If you go straight on this road, you will see a convenience store. There is a bank across from the convenience store.
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