Feb 24, 2017

L2G13 V-느라고 grammar = because…, I couldn't... ~give reason for a negative consequence.

L2G13 V-느라고 grammar = because…, I couldn't... ~give reason for a negative consequence.

Usage :
  • Give a reason (1st clause) for a negative consequence or result (2nd clause)
  • Can be shortened to -느라


Tense :

Verb:
  • V-느라고

Examples :

1. 안나 씨, 왜 숙제를 안 했어요?
  • 어젯밤에 축구를 보느라고 숙제를 못 했어요.
Anna, why didn't you do your homework?
  • Because I watched the football last night, I couldn't do my homework.

2. 주말에 뭐 하셨어요?
  • 김장했어요. 김장하느라고 정말 힘들었어요.
What did you do in the weekend?
  • I made kimchi. Because of that, I was really exhausted.

3. 요즘 앤디 씨가 어떻게 지내요?
  • 기말 시험 공부하느라고 정신이 없는 것 같아요.
How is Andy doing these days?
  • He seems really busy due to preparing for the final exam.

4. 왜 늦었어요?
  • 죄송해요. 친구를 만나느라고 늦었어요.
Why are you late?
  • I am sorry, because I met my friend, so I was late.

5. 요즘 아르바이트하느라고 바빠요.
Because of doing part-time job, so I am busy.

6. 아까 전화했는데 왜 안 받았어요?
  • 운전하느라고 못 받았어요.
I just called you a while ago, but why you didn't receive the call?
  • Because I was driving, I couldn't receive your call.

7. 병원에 갔다 오느라고 파티에 못 갔어요.
Since I went to the hospital, I couldn't attend the party.

8. 보고서를 마무리 하느라고 야근했어요.
Because I was preparing the report, I worked overtime.

9. 급히 오느라고 깜빡 잊어 버렸어요
Because I was quickly coming, I completely forgot

10. 화장품을 많이 사느라고 돈이 다 썼어요.
Because I bought a lot of cosmetics, I spent all my money.

Specific usage :

1. -느라고 can be used with Verbs 고생하다 and 수고하다.

E.g.
  • 야근하느라고 수고하셨어요.
  • 그 동안 우리를 가르치시느라고 고생 많으셨어요.

2. Only Verbs that require  the will of the subject or ‘a force of energy’ can precede -느라고

E.g .
  • 교통사고 나느라고 회사를 지각했어요. (Wrong)
  • 비가 많이 오느라고 등산에 못 갔어요. (Wrong)

3. The subject must be the same in both clauses.

4. The past tense form -았/었 cannot be used with -느라고

5. The proposition and imperative forms can follow -느라고

E.g.
  • 노래를 부르느라고 노래방을 갑시다. (Wrong) -- 노래를 부르러 노래방을 갑시다.
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