Mar 5, 2017

L2G17 A/V/N-(으)ㄹ까 봐 grammar = I am worried/ afraid that…~express concern about something.

L2G17 A/V/N-(으)ㄹ까 봐 grammar = I am worried/ afraid that…~express concern about something.

Usage:
  • 보다 = to guess or think of something
  • Express the speaker’s corresponding action (2nd clause) in fear/worry that the 1st clause situation will occur or has occurred.
  • Future tense about the action/plan in the 2nd clause cannot be used.
Tense:
Adjective / Verb
  • 과거 : -았/었을까 봐
  • 현재 : -(으)ㄹ까 봐
Noun
  • 과거 : 였을까 봐
  • 현재 : 일까 봐

Examples:
1. 눈이 오는데 등산 가려고요?
  • 아니요, 눈 때문에 길이 미끄러울까 봐 등산화를 신고 나가려고요.
Are planning to climb mountain while It’s snowing?
  • No, I wear the climbing boots to go out because I am worried that the road would be slippery.
2. 밍 씨, 시험 잘 봤어요?
  • 아니요, 너무 못 봤어요. 시험에 떨어질까 봐 걱정이에요.
Minh, did you do your exam well?
  • No, I didn't do well at all. I am worried that I failed it.
3. 커피를 많이 드시네요.
  • 이따 회의 시간에 졸까 봐 마시는 거예요. 졸면 안 되잖아요.
You sure drink a lot of coffee.
  • I am worried that I get sleepy during the meeting so I drink it. I can't get sleepy.
4. 여보세요? 엄마, 대전에 가는 기차를 잘  탔어요.
  • 그래? 다행이다. 길이 막혀서 네가 기차를 놓쳤을까 봐 걱정했거든
Hello? Mom, I boarded the train to Daejeon.
  • Really? That’s good. I was worried that you would miss the train because of the heavy traffic.

5. 주말에 날씨가 나쁠까 봐 걱정이에요.
I am worried that the weather would be bad in weekend.

6. 중요한 일을 잊어버릴까 봐 수첩에 항상 메모해요.
I always write memo because I am afraid that I forget important things.

7. 살이 찔까 봐 기름진 음식 안 먹어요.
I don't eat fatty food since I am worried that I would gain weight.

8. 아이가 깰까 봐 작은 목소리로 말해요.
I talk in a small voice since I am afraid that the baby could be awake.

9. 수업에 방해가 될까 봐 휴대폰을 꺼 놓았어요.
I turned off my phone because I am worried that it could interrupt the lecture.

10.  날씨가 너무 더울까 봐 모자를 쓰고 나가요.
I wear a hat to go out since I am afraid that it would be very hot.
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