Apr 3, 2017

L2G26 V-던 grammar = be used to…~recollect a past habit or repeated behavior

L2G26 V-던 grammar = be used to…~recollect a past habit or repeated behavior

Usage:
  • Use to recollect a repeated behavior or habit in the past, but discontinue until the present.
Tense:
Verb
  • V-던

Examples:
1. 학교에 오래간만에 왔네요. 어디 가서 뭘 먹을 깡요?
  • 학교에 자주 가던 식당에 가 볼까요?
It’s been awhile since you came to school. Shall we go somewhere to get a bite?
  • How about going to the restaurant we used to go in school?
2. 이 책은 아주 오래된 책 같아요.
  • 맞아요. 제가 고등학생 때 공부하던 책이에요.
This book seems really old.
  • You’re right. It’s a book I used to study when I was a high school student.
3. 옆집 살던 사람은 지난 주말에 이사했어요.
The person that used to live next door moved last week.
4. 이 음악은 제가 대학생 때 자주 듣던 거예요.
This is a song that I used to listen when I was a student.
5. 이 자전고은 형이 학교에 다니던 거예요.
This is a bike that my older brother used to go to the school.
6. 어제 드라마를 안 봐요?
  • 네, 재미있게 보던 드라마가 지난주에 끝나 버렸거든요.
Don’t you watch (TV) drama yesterday?
  • Yes, I don’t. Since the interesting drama I used to watch ended last week.
7. 길을 밝히던 불이 꺼지고 나서 길이 어두워졌어요.
The street became dark after the light that used to brighten the street went out
8. 왜 전에 공부하던 책을 계속 공부해요?
Why are you still studying that book you already studied before?
9. 방금 들어온 사람은 우리 가게에 자주 오던 손님이에요.
The person who just came in is a customer who comes to the store often.
10. 아까 내가 사용하던 종이컵을 버렸어요?
Did you throw away the paper cup I used?

Specific Usage:
1. If the action or behaviour used to do in the past but not anymore at present, 여러 번, 자주, 가끔, 항상 are often used.
E.g. 우리가 자주 가던 공원에 다시 가 보고 싶어요. --I want to go to the park that we often went.

2. If the action or behaviour started in the past but has not ended yet, 지난달, 지난주, 어제, 아까, 저번에 are often used.
E.g. 아까 내가 사용하던 종이컵을 버렸어요? -- Did you throw away the paper cup I used?

3. The expression is not used for action/behavior that only occurred once and do not repeat.
E.g 이곳은 제가 결혼하던 곳이에요. (wrong, 하던 -> 한 correct)

Comparison between V-던 and V-(으)ㄴ grammar
1. V-던: Express a past behaviour that has not ended yet or repeatedly done in the past
E.g. 어제 읽던 책을 어디에 두었지? (The speaker has not finished reading the book)

2. V-(으)ㄴ: Express a past behaviour that has ended or without repetition.
E.g. 어제 읽은 책의 제목이 생각 안 나요? (The speaker finished reading the book yesterday)
Subscribe to get more :