Apr 6, 2017

L2G27 A/V/N-더라고요 grammar = (I directly saw/heard that) ~recollect something with witness.

L2G27 A/V/N-더라고요 grammar = (I directly saw/heard that)….~recollect something with witness.

Usage:
  • Express the speaker’s recollection that he or she directly saw, heard, or felt
Tense:
Adjective/Verb:
  • A/V-더나고요
Noun:
  • N이더나고요


Examples:
1. 마리, 또 청소해요?
  • 날씨가 더워서 창문을 열어 두니까 먼지가 많이 들어오다나고요.
Mary, are you cleaning up again?
  • When I opened the window because of the hot weather, (I saw that) a lot of dust came in.
2. 혹시 수지 씨 봤어요?
  • 네, 아까 약속이 있다고 급하게 나가더나가요.
Did you see Suzy?
  • Yes, I saw her leave in a hurry saying she had to meet someone.
3. 한국 여행을 해 보니까 한국에는 정말 산이 많더라고요.
After travelling around Korea, (I saw that) Korea has a lot of mountains.
4. 어제 친구들랑 같이 축구를 했는데 앤디 씨가 정말 잘하더라고요.
I played football with my friends yesterday, and (I witnessed that) Andy plays really well.
5. 학교에 새로 생긴 식당의 음식이 꽤 맛있더라고요.
(I experienced that) the food at the new restaurant in school is really good.
6. 어제 공연이 아주 재미있더라고요.
The yesterday performance (that I saw) was really interesting.
7. 아까 그 사람을 봤는데, 진짜 잘 생기더라고요.
A while ago I saw that person, and he is really handsome.
8. 한국은 여름 날씨가 덥더라고요.
In Korea, summer is really hot.
9. 아이스크림 먹었는데 줍더라고요.
I ate ice-cream, and it’s cool.
10. 그 영화를 봤는데 재미없더라고요.
I watched the movie, but it is not interesting.

Specific Usage:
1. The subject of the sentence can't be the speaker since it refers to something the speaker saw or heard.
E.g. 나는 해외로 여행을 가더라고요. (Wrong)/ 갔어요. (Correct)

2. Used to state something learned for the 1st time, not something already known.
E.g. 제 고향은 강이 많더라고요. (Wrong)/ 많아요. (Correct).

3. When expressing a person’s mood or feelings, the 1st person can be used. If the 3rd person is used, the form A+아/어하다 must be used.
E.g 비가 오면 (저는) 우울하더라고요.
E.g 그 이야기를 듣고 어머니가 속상해하시더라고요.

4. -더군요 and -더라 have roughly the same meaning, but carries a slight sense of emphasis.
E.g 남자 친구를 사귀다 보니까 가끔은 속상한 일도 생기더라고요./ 생기더군요./ 생기더라.

5. -았/었더라고요 to refer to things that completed in the past.
E.g
- 일본에 도착하니까 눈이 오더라고요. -- It is snowing when I arrived in Japan.
- 일본에 도착하니까 눈이 왔더라고요. -- It has snowed when I arrived in Japan (snow has stopped falling)
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