Apr 15, 2017

L2G31 V-게 되다 grammar = get V-ed, come to V…~passive form without subject’s will

L2G31 V-게 되다 grammar = get V-ed, come to V…~express passive without subject’s will

  • Express the passive without involvement of subject’s will (mostly by chance or fate)
  • 과거 : -게 되었어요
  • 현재 : -게 돼요
  • 미래 : -게 될 거예요

1. 민아 씨가 입원했다면서요?
  • 며칠 전에 교통사고가 나서 입원하게 되었어요.
Is it true that Mina is in the hospital?
  • She got in a traffic accident a few days ago and was hospitalized.
2. 요즘에 남편하고 사이가 좋졌어요?
  • 네, 서로 이야기를 많이 한 후에 잘 이해하게 되었어요.
Have you gotten along with your husband lately?
  • Yes, we came to understand each other after we talked a lot about things.
3. 한국으로 유학을 와서 서울에 살게 되었어요.
I came to Korea to study, and I came to live in Seoul.
4. 친구가 이 가게를 좋아하니까 저도 자주 오게 돼요.
Because my friend likes this store, I have came to it often, too.
5. 내년에 친구들 다 고향으로 돌아가고 저만 혼자 한국에 남게 될 것 같아요.
Next year, all my friends will go back home, and it seems I will will be left alone in Korea.
6. 남편 직장 때문에 부산으로 이사를 가게 되었어요.
Because of my husband work changes, I came to move to Busan.
7. 지금 살고 있는 방을 어떻게 찾았어요?
  • 친구의 소개로 찾게 되었어요.
How did you find the room that you are living now?
  • I came to find it via the introduction of my friend.
8. 처음부터 혼자 살았어요?
  • 지난달에 같이 살던 친구가 이사를 가서 혼자 살게 되었어요.
Did you live alone since beginning?
  • Last month my roommate moved, so I came to live alone.
9. 안나 씨를 어떻게 알아요?
  • 지난 학기에 같은 수업을 들어서 알게 되었어요.
How do you know Anna?
  • Last semester, we took the same lecture, so I came  to know her.
10. 그 여자랑 사랑에 빠지게 되었어요.
I ended up falling in love with her.

Specific usage:
1. -게 되었어요 = the situation has come to true at present or has been decided.
E.g 그 회사에 취직하게 되었어요. = I ended up getting a job at that company.

2. Using this expression is a more gentle and indirect way to tell another person, instead of using its direct form
E.g 그 회사에 취직했어요/취직하게 되었어요. = I got a job at that company./ I ended up getting a job at that company.

3. It can also express the result of a change.
E.g 친구들과 노래방에 가서 연습하니까 노래를 잘하게 되었어요. = After going to the karaoke shop to practise with my friends often, I have come to sing well.
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