Apr 26, 2017

L2G35 A/V/N-거든 grammar = if (something is true), then… ~conditional statement in casual conversation

L2G35 A/V/N-거든 grammar = if (something is true), then… ~conditional statement in casual conversation

Usage:
  • if (something is true, then…)
  • Only used in casual conversation
  • Often used in imperative form (-세요, 십이요), propositive form (읍시다), or a form with subject’s will (-겠-, -(ㅇ)ㄹ 것이다, or -(으)려고 하다)
Tense:
Adjective/Verb
  • A/V-거든
Noun
  • N(이)거든
Examples
1. 엄마, 이렇게 더운데 꼭 같이 가야 돼요?
  • 가기 싫거든 안 가도 돼. 나 혼자 다녀올게.
Mom, do I really have to go with you in this heat?
  • If you don’t want to go, then you don’t have to. I will go by myself.
2. 여보 이 옷 어때요? 저에게 안 어울리는 것 같지요?
  • 이 옷이 마음에 안 들거든 다른 가게에 가 봅시다.
Dear, how are these clothes? Wouldn’t you agree they’re not really my style?
  • If you don’t like these, then let’s go to another store.
3. 바쁜지 않거든 잠깐 만납시다.
If you are not busy, then let’s meet for a while.
4. 할 말이 있거든 오늘 일이 끝난 후에 하세요.
If you have something to say, then let me know after work today.
5. 친한 친구거든  여행을 같이 가자고 해요.
If he is a close friend, then ask him to go on the trip together.
6. 피곤하거든 오늘은 일찍 퇴근하세요.
If you are tired, then leave work early today.
7. 다른 사람들이 물어보거든 아파서 못 갔다고 전해 주세요.
If my friends ask (about me), then please tell them that I am sick so that I can’t go.
8. 비가 그치거든 바로 출발하세요.
If the rain has stopped, then please depart now.
9. 머리가 아프거든 이 약을 드셔 보세요.
If you have a headache, then drink this medicine.
10. 요즘 많이 바쁘거든 나중에 만납시다.
If you are busy recently, then let meet later.

Comparison between -거든 and -거든요.
1. 거든 : used in mid-sentence, and express a conditional statement
E.g. 한국말이 어렵거든 매일 쓰기랑 듣기랑 읽기랑 말하기를 해야 해요.
If Korean is really difficult, then you have to write, listen, read, and speak everyday.

2. 거든요 : used in sentence-final, and express a reason known only by speaker.
E.g. 왜 점심을 안 먹었어요? - 아침을 너무 많이 먹었거든요.
Why didn't you eat lunch? - Because I ate too much in the morning.
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