May 13, 2017

L2G41 V-다가 grammar = and then…~interruption of one action to do another immediately

L2G41 V-다가 grammar = and then…~interruption of one action to do another immediately

Usage:
  • Express the speaker’s interruption of one action to do another immediately = and then, but then
Tense:
Verb
  • V-다가

Examples:
1. 아까 낮에 뭐 했니?
  • 만화책을 읽다가 친구하고 같이 외출했어요.
What did you do this afternoon?
  • I was reading a comic book, but then I went out with a friend.
2. 민아야, 오랜만이다. 웬일이니?
  • 일하다가 생각이 나서 그냥 전화했어.
Hey Mina, it's been a while. What's up?
  • I was working and then thought about you, I just called.
3. 밥을 먹다가 전화를 받았습니다.
I was eating and then answered the phone.
4. 공부를 하다가 졸려서 잤어요.
I was studying and then dozed off, so I slept.
5. 지하철 1호선을 타고 가다가 시청역에서 2호선을 갈아타세요.
Take the subway line 1, and then change to line 2 at City Hall station.
6. 축구를 하다가 넘어져서 다쳤어요.
I was playing soccer and then I felt and got hurt.
7. 잠을 자다가 친구에게 전화가 와서 나갔어요.
I was sleeping and then I got a call from a friend, so I went out.
8. 어떻게 하다가 다리를 다쳤어요?
  • 계란을 내려가다 미끄러졌어요.
How come your leg get hurt?
  • I am going down the stage and then felt off.
9. 아이가 왜 다쳤어요?
  • 야구를 하다가 공에 맞았어요.
Why did the kid get hurt?
  • He was playing baseball and then got hit by a ball.
10. 어디에 다녀오세요?
  • 요리를 하다가 파가 없어서 사 왔어요.
Where are you going?
  • I was cooking, but then there was no onion, so I went out to buy some.

Specific usage :
1. Can also be used to indicate the action in the preceding clause continues while the action in the following clause occurs.

E.g. 잠을 자다가 무서운 꿈을 꿨어요.
I was sleeping and had a scary dream.

E.g. 친구를 이야기를 하다가 웃었어요.
I was talking to my friend and laughed.

2. Both clauses must have the same subject.
E.g. (내가) 밥을 먹다가 전화를 왔어요. (Wrong)/ 전화를 받았어요.(Correct)
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