Jun 12, 2017

L2G51 V-아/어 가지고 grammar = and (then)...~indicate time order of 2 actions or more

L2G51 V-아/어 가지고 grammar = and (then)...~indicate time order of 2 actions or more

Usage:
  • Indicate time order of 2 actions or more = the 1st action must be complete in order to do the 2nd action = and then
  • Can be shortened to -아/어 갖고
  • Often used in speaking
Tense:
Verb
  • V-아/어 가지고

Examples
1. 이 채소는 어떻게 할까요?
  • 먼저 다듬어 가지고 냉장고에 넣어 주세요. 샐러드는 조금 후에 만들 거예요.
What should we do with the vegetables?
  • First tidy them up and put them in the fridge. We will make salad a bit later.
2. 앤디 씨, 지금 뭐 해요?
  • 빨래를 해 가지고 널고 있어요.
Andy, what are you doing now?
  • I washed my clothes and am hanging them now.
3. 돈을 빨리 모아 가지고 자동차를 사고 싶어요.
I want to save money quickly and then buy a car.
4. 등산갈 때 김밥을 만들어 가지고 갈게요.
When going hiking, I will make some gimbap and take long with us.
5. 할아버지께서 손자들을 불러 가지고 용든을 주셨어요.
Grandpa called his grandsons and then gave them some spending money.
6. 빨리 졸업해 가지고 취직하고 싶어요.
I want to graduate quickly and then find a job.
7. 날씨가 좋을 때 밖에 항상 나가 가지고 그림을 해요.
When the weather is nice, I usually go out and draw some pictures.
8. 선물을 포장해 가지고 소포를 보냅시다.
Let’s wrap this present and then send the package.

Specific usage:
1. The expression can be used with adjectives to indicate the speaker’s reason for doing action.
E.g. 스마트폰을 사고 싶은데 비싸 가지고 못 사겠어요.
I want to buy a smartphone, but they’re expensive, I can’t buy it.

2. The expression can be replaced with -아/어서 to indicate the order of actions.
E.g. 친구에게 책을 빌려서/ 빌려 가지고 읽었어요.
I borrowed a book from my friend and read it.

3. The expression can’t be preceding by past tense -았/었 and future tense -겠-
E.g. 친구를 만났 가지고 커피를 마셨어요. (wrong)/  
친구를 만나 가지고 커피를 마셨어요. (correct)
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